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Type :conference_item
Subject :M Music
Main Author :Bramantyo Triyono,
Title :Inter-cultural musicology in Music education : perspective thinking for future Music education in Malaysia (IR)
Year of Publication :2002
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Abstract :
Background identity whether it is occidental and or oriental. It is a culture as a global entity and the differential to other cultures can only enrich the people cultures of the world. In this point of view, there is no one culture that is dominant to another cultures, as well as that there is no superior and vise versa inferior in a culture of the whole world societies. It means that even a culture that is live and practice by an aborigine society cannot be exterminated as a backward culture to be compared to a township and or marginal and even metropolitan society. For an aborigine society, a culture is their life itself and thus cannot be separated as an element that can be easily evaluated as a primitive culture. The use of communication apparatus however primitive is as useful and effective for the aboriginal people as well as their natural knowledge in their daily life. To judge that they are backward and primitive if only because of secular and secondary elements like the way of wearing, eating, communicating, music and arts making, etc. is not justify for those things cannot be compared at all. It means that they have their own beliefs and those secondary things are regarded by them as outer fashions. They have their own inner life that is as complicated as the ‘cultured’ people have. When the term ethnomusicology was first being introduced, the main idea is to study and to explore musical culture of a society outside western world which is judged as a primitive musical practice for it generally transmitted orally and has no systematic transcription like the western music cultures which is regarded by themselves and ‘us’ who admire unconditionally to all western things. The term ethnomusicology, then, at least in my own view, is only a kind of boasting attitude of western people who oversimplified our music cultures a whole including those of our aborigines’ cultures. It is unacceptable ideas that in order to go equally with that of western cultures we have to sacrifice ourselves and ‘destroy’ and left behind our own cultures in the name of modernization. In order to develop our own cultures in the name of modernization therefore does not mean that we should accept all things western. Our own vastly and richly cultures can be a resource for developing our modem cultures and not in reverse that we have to sacrifice them in order to be modem. This resource is also available for developing our own materials for music education. It is a shame that we are enforcing our children to learn a piano or keyboard, to master a music theory and harmony, only in order that we are going to be equaled with western people. There is no tragic lost other than the lost of our identity. This is the idea of inter-cultural musicology: e., to study our own music cultures and develop further to be modernized with our own systems and methodologies. Let our younger generation known their own music cultures and known better about their cultural identity. Let develop our nation without sacrificing our own identity.
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