UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
Start | FAQ | About

QR Code Link :

Type :article
Subject :QC Physics
Main Author :Abd Karim M. M., Ariffin A. K., Holland D.,
Title :The role of tin in glass system (IR)
Year of Publication :2014
PDF Full Text :Login required to access this item.

Abstract :
Tin constitutes a minor component in commercially produced flat and container glasses. Divalent, tetravalent and tin metal diffused into the surface of the glass during production and strengthened the chemical and physical properties of these glasses. Tetravalent tin has a low solubility in any glass system but divalent tin can formed glasses with a high Sn2+ content in borate, germanate, phosphate, and silicate glass systems. This paper surveyed past studies of the roles of tin in glass systems that contained tin. The different structural roles of Sn2+ and Sn4+ in various glass systems surveyed are discussed in term of the structural difference between divalent and tetravalent of tin compounds in the glass systems, which were reflected in the results of spectroscopic and physical properties studies of the glasses. Divalent tin has been shown to fulfill various structural roles as either modifier or intermediate, depending on the type of glass system and composition.
This material may be protected under Copyright Act which governs the making of photocopies or reproductions of copyrighted materials.
You may use the digitized material for private study, scholarship, or research.

Back to previous page

Installed and configured by Bahagian Automasi, Perpustakaan Tuanku Bainun, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
If you have enquiries with this repository, kindly contact us at or Whatsapp +60163630263 (Office hours only)