UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
|Mental health problems become a pervasive yet under-detected and undertreated growing issues among Malaysian university students. Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS) is an instrument that has been widely used in all universities and colleges in the United States, but it has not been practiced in Malaysia. The purpose of this preliminary study was to translate, culturally adapt, and validate the CCAPS into the Malay language and make it applicable as a screening tool for addressing mental health issues among university students. The translation and back-translation were used. A total sample of 252 university students from a public university was participated in this study. Results from exploratory factor analysis supported the original version of CCAPS-62, which was an eight-factor model. Findings provided preliminary evidence for adequate internal consistency with Cronbach's Alpha 0.946. Content validity was obtained from two experts and they endorsed the quality of the items with 0.97 content validity index. Implications are discussed to provide further information regarding the mental health issues and the CCAPS-62 Malay version as a screening tool for university counseling centers to address students’ mental health symptoms.|
1. Adewuya, A. O., Ola, B. A., Aloba, O. O., Mapayi, B. M., Oginni, O. O. (2006). Depression amongst Nigerian university students: Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 41, 674-678. 2. Al-Osail, A. M., Al-Sheikh, M. H., Al-Osail, E. M., Al-Ghamdi, M. A., Al-Hawas, A. M., AlBahussain, A. S., Al-Dajani, A. A. (2015). Is cronbach’s alpha sufficient for assessing the reliability of the OSCE for an internal medicine course? BMC Res Notes, 8, 582. doi: 10.1186/s13104-015-1533-x. 3. American College Health Association (2006). American college health association: National college health assessment (ACHA-NCHA). Retrieved from http:// www.acha.org/projects_programme/ncha_sampledata.cfm. 4. Boswell, J. F., McAleavey, A. A., Castonguay, L. G., Hayes, J. A., & Locke, B. D. (2012). Previous mental health service utilization and change in counseling clients’ depressive symptoms.Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59, 368-378. doi: 10.1037/a0028078. 5. Center for Collegiate Mental Health. (2015a). CCAPS User Manual. University of Park, PA. 6. Center for Collegiate Mental Health. (2012b). Translation policy. University Park, PA: Author. 7. Dachew, B. A., Bisetegn, T. A., & Gebremariam, R. B. (2015). Prevalence of mental distress and associated factors among undergraduate students of university of gordar, northwest ethiopia: A cross sectional institutional based study. PLOS, 10(3). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0119464. 8. DeVellis, R. F. (2003). Scale development: Theory and application. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publication. 9. DeVon, H. A., Block, M. E., Moyle-Wright, P., Ernst, D. M., Hayden, S. J., Lazzara, D. J., Savoy, S.M., & Kostas-Polston, E. (2007). A psychometric toolbox for testing validity and reliability. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 39(2), 155-164. doi: 10.1111/j/1547- 5069.2007.00161.x 10. Drybye, L N., Thomas, M. R., & Shanafelt, T. D. (2006). Systematic review of depression, anxiety, and other indicators of psychological distress among U.S. and Canadian medical students. Academic Medicine, 81, 354-3773. 11. Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd ed.). London: Sage Publication Ltd. 12. Gorsuch, R. L. (1983). Factor analysis (2nd Ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Institute of Mental Health (2011). Latest study sheds light on the state of mental health in Singapore. Retrieved 05 February 2017, from https://www.imh.com.sg/uploadedFiles/Newsroom/News_Releases/SMHS%20news%2 0release.pdf. 13. Latiffah, A. L., Esra T., Normala, I., Azrin Shah, A. B., Shirin Shameema, A. A. (2016). Depression and its associated factors among secondary school students in Malaysia. Southeast ASian J. Trop. Med. Public Health, 47(1), 131-141. 14. Kaiser, H. F. (1974). An index of factorial simplicity. Psychometrika, 39, 31-36. 15. Konjengbam, S., Laishram, J., Singh, B. A., & Elangbam, V. (2015). Psychological morbidity among undergraduate medical students. Indian Journal of Public Health, 59(1), 65-66. 16. Krishnaswamy, S., Subramaniam, K., Jemain, A. A., Low, W. Y., Ramachandran, P., Indran, T., & Patel, V. (2011). Common mental disorders in Malaysia: Malaysian mental health survey, 2003-2005. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, 4, 201-209. doi: 10.1111/j.1758-5872.2012.00180.x 17. Locke, B. D., Buzolitz, J. S., Dowis, J. D., Lei, P., Boswell, J. F., McAleavey, A. A., …Hayes, J. A. (2011). Development of the counseling center assessment of psychological symptoms62 (CCAPS-62). Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58, 97-109. doi: 10.1037/10021282. 18. Locke, B. D., McAleavey, A. A., Zhao, Y., Lei, P. W., Hayes, J. A., Castonguay, L. G., … Lin, Y. C. (2012). Development and initial validation of the counseling center assessment of psychological symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34). Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 45, 151-169. 19. Lynn, M. R. (1986). Determination and quantification of content validity. Nurs. Res., 35, 383-385. 20. Nordberg, S. S., Hayes, J. A., McAleavey, A. A., Castonguay, L. G., & Locke, B. D. (2013).Treatment utilization on college campuses: Who seeks help for what? Journal of College Counseling, 16, 258-274. 21. Petzer, K., Yi, S., & Pengpid, S. (2017). Suicidal behaviors and associated factors among university students in six countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 26, 32-38. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2017.01.019. 22. Radeef, A. S., Faisal, G. G., Ali, S. M., Ismail, M. K. H. M. (2014). Source of stressors and emotional disturbances among undergraduate science students in Malaysia.International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences, 3(2), 401-410. doi:10.5958/j.2319-5886.3.2.082. 23. Ratanasiripong, P., Wang, C. D. C., Ratanasiripong, N., Hayes, J. A., Kaewboonchoo, O., & Kathalae, D. (2015). Development and cross-cultural validation of the counseling center assessment of psychological symptoms-Thai version. The Counseling Psychologist, 43(2), 248-271. doi: 10.1177/00/0000/4566991. 24. Saleem, S., & Mahmood, Z. (2013). Mental health problems in university student: A prevalence study. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 124-130. 25. Shah, M., Hasan, S., Malik, S., Sreeramareddy, C. T. (2010). Perceived stress, sources, and severity of stress among medical undergraduates in Pakistani medical school. BMC Medical Education, 10(2) doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-10-2. 26. Siti Fatimah, K. M., Sherina, M. S., Lekhraj, R. & Firdaus, M. (2014). Prevalence, associate factors and predictors of depression among adults in the community of Selangor, Malaysia. PLOS one, 9(4). doi: http://dx/doi.org.10.1371/journal.pone.0095395. 27. Sushil, S. & Verma, N. (2010). Questionnaire validation made easy. European Journal of Scientific Research, 46(2), 172-178. 28. Tabachnick, B. G. , & Fidell, L. S. (2011). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. 29. Tavakol, M., & Dennick, R. (2011). Making sense of cronbach’s alpha. International Journal of Medical Education, 2, 53-33. doi: 10.5116/ijme.4dfb.8dfd. 30. VenkatashivaReddy, B., Gupta, A., Lohiya, A., & Kharya, P. (2013). Mental health issues and challenges in india: A review. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(2), 1-3. 31. World Health Organization (2015). Fundamental facts about mental health. United Kingdom:Mental Health Foundation. 32. Yaghmaei, F. (2003). Content validity and its estimation. J. Med. Educ., 3, 25-27
|This material may be protected under Copyright Act which governs the making of photocopies or reproductions of copyrighted materials.|
You may use the digitized material for private study, scholarship, or research.