UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
Start | FAQ | About

QR Code Link :

Type :article
Subject :JF Political institutions (General)
Main Author :Norhafiza Mohd Hed
Additional Authors :Maria T. Grasso
Title :Age group differences in political activism in Malaysia
Place of Production :Tanjong Malim
Publisher :Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan
Year of Publication :2019
Corporate Name :Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
PDF Guest :Click to view PDF file

Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
There is a dearth of studies on age-related patterns of political activism in Malaysia, specifically on young people’s patterns of political participation relative to their elders, and in relation to the rich literature that has developed in Western democracies. By analysing survey data from Wave 6 (2010–2014) of the World Values Surveys (WVS), this study aims to investigate the differences in political engagement between younger and older people in Malaysia, including new repertoires outside the mainstream politics, by addressing the question of whether young Malaysians are more active in political activities compared to older groups. The findings conform to the expected patterns in the literature that young people are less likely to participate in conventional political activities than their respective elders. However, we find no significant differences for unconventional political participation. The study further shows that demographic indicators such as the levels of education, gender and ethnic group belonging do not appear to be linked to the age gap between youth and their elders in political activism. As such, the study provides evidence that young people in Malaysia are less likely to be politically active than their elders and that this is not clearly attributable to the socio-demographic factors analysed.

References

1. Albacete, G. G. 2014. Young People’s Political Participation in Western Europe: Continuity or Generational Change. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

2. Almond, G., and S. Verba. 1963. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

3. Barber, B. 1984. Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

4. Barnes, S. H., and M. Kaase. 1979. “Introduction.” In Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies, edited by Samuel H. Barnes, Klaus R. Allerbeck, Barbara G. Farah, Felix J. Heunks, Ronald F. Inglehart, M. Kent Jennings, Hans Dieter Klingemann, Alan Marsh, Leopold Rosenmayr, and Max Kaase, 13–26. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

5. Bartlett, M. S. 1954. “A Note on the Multiplying Factors for Various Chi Square Approximations.” Journal of Royal Statistical Society (Series B) 16 (Series B): 296–298.

6. Berinsky, A. J., and G. S. Lenz. 2011. “Education and Political Participation: Exploring the Causal Link.” Political Behavior 33: 357–373.

7. Blais, A., E. Gidengil, N. Nevitte, and R. Nadeau. 2004. “Where Does Turnout Decline Come from?” European Journal of Political Research 43: 221–236.

8. Campbell, A., P. E. Converse, W. E. Miller, and D. E. Stokes. 1960. The American Voter. New York: Wiley.

9. Chang, Alex Chuan-Hsien. 2012. “Youth Participation in East Asia.” Working Paper Series: No 73. Paper presented to Conference on Democratic Citizenship and Voices of Asia’s Youth, Taipei.

10. Craig, S. C., R. G. Niemi, and G. E. Silver. 1990. “Political Efficacy and Trust: A Report on the NES Pilot Study Items.” Political Behavior 12: 289–314.

11. Dalton, R. J. 2006. Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Washington, DC: CQ Press.

12. Dalton, R. J. 2007. The Good Citizen: How a Younger Generation is Reshaping American Politics. Washington, DC: CQ Press.

13. Dalton, R. J. 2008. “The Quantity and the Quality of Party Systems: Party System Polarization, its Measurement and its Consequences.” Comparative Political Studies 41: 899–920.

14. Department of Statistics Malaysia. 2012. Population Projection in Malaysia, 2010–2040. Putrajaya, Malaysia: Department of Statistics.

15. Farah, B. G., S. H. Barnes, and F. Heunis. 1979. “Political Dissatisfaction.” In Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies, edited by S. H. Barnes, M. Kaase, K. R Allerback, B. G.

16. Farah, F. J. Heunks, R. F. Inglehart, M. K. Jennings, H. D. Klingemann, A. Marsh, and L. Rosenmayr, 409–448. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

17. Franklin, Mark. 2004. Voter Turnout and the Dynamics of Electoral Competition in Established Democracies Since 1945. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

18. Goerres, Achim. 2009. The Political Participation of Older People in Europe: The Greying of our Democracies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

19. Grasso, M. T. 2016. Generations, Political Participation and Social Change in Western Europe. London: Routledge.

20. Gurr, Ted. 1970. Why Men Rebel? Princeton: Princeton University Press.

21. Hay, C. 2007. Why We Hate Politics. Cambridge: Polity Press.

22. Henn, M., and N. Foard. 2014. “Social Differentiation in Young People’s Political Participation: The Impact of Social and Educational Factors on Youth Political Engagement in Britain.” Journal of Youth Studies 17 (3): 360–380.

23. Henn, M., M. Weinsten, and D. Wring. 2002. “A Generation Apart? Youth and Political Participation in Britain.” The British Journal of Politics & International Relations 4 (2): 167–192.

24. Inglehart, R., and C. Welzel. 2005. Modernization, Cultural Change and Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.

25. Kaiser, H. F. 1974. “An Index of Factorial Simplicity.” Psychometrica 39: 31–36.

26. Karp, J. A., and S. A. Banducci. 2008. “Political Efficacy and Participation in Twenty-Seven Democracies: How Electoral System Shape Political Behaviour.” British Journal of Political Science 38 (2): 311–334.

27. Kimberlee, R. 2002. “Why Don’t Young People Vote at General Elections?” Journal of Youth Studies 5 (1): 85–98.

28. Lewis-Beck, M. S., H. Norpoth, W. G. Jacoby, and H. F. Weisberg. 2008. The American Voter Revisited. Michigan: Michigan University Press.

29. Marsh, D., T. O’Toole, and S. Jones. 2007. Young People and Politics in the UK: Apathy or Alienation. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

30. Milbrath, L. W., and M. L. Goel. 1977. Political Participation: How and Why People Get Involved in Politics. Chicago: Rand McNally.

31. Mohamed Nawab, M. O. 2013. “The Youth Vote in in GE 2013: Kingmakers in the Making?” RSIS Commentaries, 65. Accessed October 28, 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/10220/18324.

32. Niemi, R. G., S. C. Craig, and F. Mattei. 1991. “Measuring Internal Political Efficacy in the 1988 National Election Study.” American Political Science Review 85: 1407–1413.

33. Noorsulastryyurni, A. 2014. “Political Rights: A Shift or ‘Detour’ in Nationalism Presence among Malaysia and Japan’s Youth.” A paper presented at the International Conference for Academic Disciplines, Rome, Italy, October 28–31.

34. Norris, P. 2001. Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet Worldwide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

35. Norris, P. 2002. Democratic Phoenix: Reinventing Political Activism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

36. Norris, P. 2007. “Political Activism: New Challenges, New Opportunities.” In The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics, edited by C. Boix and S. C. Stokes, 628–652. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

37. Othman, Muhammed Fauzi, Muhammad Fuad Othman, Zaheruddin Othman, and JamaluddinMustafa. 2003. “Penyertaan politik masyarakat dalam pilihan raya: Kajian kes pilihan raya umum 1999 di negeri Johor.” [Translation: Citizens’ Political Participation in Election: Case Study of 1999 General Election in Johor.] Jurnal Kemanusiaan 2: 178–199.

38. O’Toole, T., M. Lister, D. Marsh, S. Jones, and A. McDonagh. 2003. “Tuning Out or Left Out? Participation and Non-Participation among Young People.” Contemporary Politics 9 (1): 45–61.

39. Park, A. 1995. “Teenagers and Their Politics.” In British Social Attitudes: The 12th Report, edited by R. Jowell, J. Curtice, L. Brook, and S. Witherspoon, 42–52. Aldershot: Dartmouth.

40. Pateman, C. 1970. Participation and Democratic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

41. Persson, M. 2015. “Education and Political Participation.” British Journal of Political Science 45 (3): 689–703.

42. Pirie, M., and R. M. Worcester. 1998. The Millennium Generation. London: Adam Smith Institute

43. Putnam, Robert. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster.

44. Quintelier, E. 2007. “Differences in Participation between Young and Old People.” Contemporary Politics 13 (2): 165–180.

45. Rubenson, D., A. Blais, P. Fournier, E. Gidengil, and N. Nevitte. 2004. “Accounting for the Age Gap in Turnout.” Acta Politica 39: 407–421.

46. Samsi, Abdul Hadi, Amaludin Ab. Rahman, and Ku Hasnita Ku Samsu. 2013. “The Motivating Factors of Malaysian Youth Political Participation: An Overview.” Elixir Social Sciences 62: 17783–17787.

47. Schlozman, K. L., S. Verba, and H. E. Brady. 1999. “Civic Participation and the Equality Problem.” In Civic Engagement in American Democracy, edited by T. Skocpol and M. P. Fiorina, 427–459. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.

48. Schumpeter, J. A. 1943. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. London: Allen and Unwin.

49. Sloam, J. 2007. “Rebooting Democracy: Youth Participation in Politics in the UK.” Parliamentary Affairs 60 (4): 548–567.

50. Sloam, J. 2016. “Diversity and Voice: The Political Participation of Young People in the European Union.” The British Journal of Politics International Relation 18: 521–537.

51. Stoker, L., and M. K. Jennings. 1995. “Life-Cycle Transitions and Political Participation: The Case of Marriage.” American Political Science Review 89 (2): 421–433

52. Verba, S., K. Schlozman, and H. Brady. 1995. Voice and Equality. Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

53. Vinken, H. 2005. “Young People’s Civic Engagement: The Need for New Perspectives.” In Contemporary Youth Research: Local Expressions and Global Connections, edited by H. Helve and G. Holm, 147–157. Aldershot: Ashgate.

54. Wan Azizah. 2002. Women in Politics: Reflections from Malaysia. Stockholm: International IDEA.

55. Weiss, M. 2006. Protest and Possibilities: Civil Society and Coalitions for Political Change in Malaysia. California: Stanford University Press.

56. Welsh, Bridget. 2012. “High Stakes for Bersih 3.0 Rally.” Accessed May 18, 2016. http://www. malaysiakini.com/news/196212.

57. Wolfinger, R. E., and S. J. Rosenstone. 1980. Who Votes? New Haven: Yale University Press.

58. Young, I. 2000. Inclusion and Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

59. Zaller, John. 1992. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. New York: Cambridge University Press.

60. Zukin, C., S. Keeter, M. W. Andolina, K. Jenkins, and M. X. Delli Carpini. 2006. A New Engagement? Political Participation, Civic Life, and the Changing American Citizen. New York: Oxford University Pres

 


This material may be protected under Copyright Act which governs the making of photocopies or reproductions of copyrighted materials.
You may use the digitized material for private study, scholarship, or research.

Back to previous page

Installed and configured by Bahagian Automasi, Perpustakaan Tuanku Bainun, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
If you have enquiries with this repository, kindly contact us at pustakasys@upsi.edu.my or Whatsapp +60163630263 (Office hours only)