UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
Start | FAQ | About

QR Code Link :

Type :article
Subject :BF Psychology
Main Author :Mahendran Maniam
Additional Authors :Mohammad Suleiman Mohammad Amro
Title :Correlation between EFL students perceived linguistic proficiency and their level of confidence in using English
Place of Production :Tanjong Malim
Publisher :Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi
Year of Publication :2019
Corporate Name :Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
PDF Guest :Click to view PDF file

Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
The main aim of this study is to find out the correlation between EFL students’ perceived linguistic proficiency and their level of confidence in using English. To achieve that, sixty first year students at the faculty of English language and literature, Ajloun University in Jordan, were selected based on convenience sampling. The subjects were asked to self-assess their linguistic proficiency using five-point Likert scale and to respond to the survey questionnaire. To test the statistical associations between the two variables, ANOVA was used to confirm if there were any statistically significant differences in self- assessment scores among the groups of students having different levels of confidence. To confirm where the differences lie, Post Hoc tests (Turkey HSD and Homogeneous Subsets) were used. NOVA gives an F value of 44.131 with 2 and 57 degrees of freedom (p < 0.01), showing that there are differences in self-assessment means among groups. The multiple comparisons among mean differences by the Post Hoc tests (Turkey HSD and Fisher’s LSD) show that the group of students who are 'hardly confident' are significantly different from the other two groups of students. The group of students who are 'a little confident' are significantly different from 'hardly confident' students and 'confident' students. Finally, the group of students who are 'confident' differ significantly from the two groups of students who are 'hardly confident' and ‘a little confident’. Therefore, all groups differ from one another. The results of the Kendall's tau-b and Spearman's rho indicate that there is a statistically significant correlation between the students' confidence level and the means of self-assessment scores. In conclusion, the subjects having high self-assessment scores are more likely to have high confidence in using English and vice versa


1. Abdallah, A. A., & Ahmed, A. G. (2015). The impact of self-confidence on EFL Sudanese tertiary level students 1. International Journal of Information Research and Review, 2(9), 1093–1106. Retrieved from


2. Al-Hattab, A. (2006). Self-esteem and writing achievement of Saudi EFL students in secondary schools (Master’s thesis). Tibah, Saudi Arabia: Tibah University


3. Al-Hebaish, S. M. (2012). The correlation between general self-confidence and academic achievement in the oral presentation course. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 2(1), 60–65.


4. Al-Rabai, F. (2017). Self-esteem of Saudi learners and its relationship to their achievement in English as a foreign language. English Linguistics Research, 6(4), 1-12.


5. Basco, L. M., & Han, S, H. (2016). Self-esteem, motivation, and anxiety of Korean university students. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 7(6), 1069-1078.


6. Binalet, C. B., & Guerra, J. M. (2014). A study on the relationship between motivation and language learning achievement among tertiary students. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 3(5), 251–260.


7. Branden N (1994). The Six Pillars of Self-Esteem. New York: Bantam Books.


8. Du, X (2009). The affective filter in second language teaching. Asian Social Science, 5(8): 162.


9. Dörnyei, Z. (2005). The psychology of the Language Learner: Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition. Routledge.


10. El-Anzi, F. O. (2005). Academic achievement and its relationship with anxiety, self-esteem, optimism, and pessimism in Kuwaiti students. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 33(1), 95-104.


11. Hashemian, M. (2012). On the interplay of self-esteem, proficiency level, and language learning strategies among Iranian L2 learners. International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching and Research, 1(1), 1-10.


12. Keeley, T. D. (2014). The self-confidence dimension in cultural adaptation and foreign language acquisition: A basis for success in international business. Business Review, 2(5), 1-4.Koosha, B., Ketabi, S., &Kassaian, Z. (2011). The effects of self-esteem, age and gender on the speaking skills of intermediate university EFL learners. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 1(10), 1328-1337.


13. Krashen S (1988). Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning. New York: Prentice-Hall, International.


14. Lee, E. Y. H. (2013). Do effects of self-assessment differ by L2 language level ? A case of Korean learners of English.


15. Martinez, E. A., & Villa, O. E. S. (2017). A quantitative study of self confidence in learning English as a foreign language. Academia Journal of Educational Research, 5(2), 24–28.


16. Naouel, B. (2015). The role of foreign language learners’ self - esteem in enhancing their oral performance. International Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Research, 2(2), 1–12.


17. Nazarova, G. P., &Umurova, K. H. (2016). Self-confidence and its importance in learning languages. International Scientific Journal, 4, 47–49.


18. Pramita, G. A. P. (2012). The contribution of self-esteem and language learning strategies to the students' English proficiency for second-year students of SMA Negeri 7 Denpasar. JurnalPenelitian, 1(1), 10-13.


19. Pramita, G. A. P. (2012). The contribution of self-esteem and language learning strategies to the students' English proficiency for second-year students of SMA Negeri 7 Denpasar. JurnalPenelitian, 1(1), 10-13.


20. Pullmann, H., &Allik, J. (2008). Relations of academic and general self-esteem to school achievement. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(6), 559-564.


21. Qiang, L., &Huili, W. (2007). Concept and its correlation with English study. CELEA Journal, 30 (6), 23-30.


22. Rubio, F. (Ed). (2007). Self-esteem and foreign language learning. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.


23. Schutz, R (2007). Stephen Krashen’s Theory of Second Language Acquisition. Retrieved from Validation. Acad. Manage. J. 32 (3): 622–648.


24. Soureshjani, K. H., &Naseri, N. (2011). An investigation into the relationship between self-esteem, proficiency level, and the reading ability of Iranian EFL language learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2(6), 1312-1319.


25. Smitha Dev1 &Sura Qiqieh (20016). The Relationship between English Language Proficiency, Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem of Non-Native-English-Speaking Students. International Education Studies; Vol. 9, No. 5; 2016 p.147-155


26. Tunçel, H. (2015). The relationship between self-confidence and learning Turkish as a foreign language. Educational Research and Reviews, 10(18), 2575-2589. http://doi: 10.5897/ERR2015.2445


27. Tılfarlıoğlu, F. Y. (2014). Questioning academic success through self-regulation, self-esteem and attitude in foreign language learning (a case study). Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 4(11), 2223-2230.


28. Zare, P., &Riasati, M. J. (2012). The relationship between language learning anxiety, self-esteem, and academic level among Iranian EFL learners. Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. & Hum, 20(1), 219–225.


This material may be protected under Copyright Act which governs the making of photocopies or reproductions of copyrighted materials.
You may use the digitized material for private study, scholarship, or research.

Back to previous page

Installed and configured by Bahagian Automasi, Perpustakaan Tuanku Bainun, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
If you have enquiries with this repository, kindly contact us at or Whatsapp +60163630263 (Office hours only)