UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
Start | FAQ | About

QR Code Link :

Type :article
Subject :L Education
Main Author :Zulkifley Mohamed
Additional Authors :Haniza Hanim Mohd Zain
Razak Abd. Samad Yahya
Muhd Ibrahim Muhamad Damanhuri
Title : Assessing the relationship between program education objectives and program learning outcomes in outcome-based education using partial least squares-structural equation model
Place of Production :Tanjong Malim
Publisher :Fakulti Sains dan Matematik
Year of Publication :2019
Corporate Name :Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
PDF Guest :Click to view PDF file

Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
Institution of higher learning in Malaysia has implemented an Outcome-Based Education (OBE) since 2007. Among the crucial components of OBE were the Program Education Objectives (PEOs) and Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs). The development of PEOs has to take into consideration the involvement of stakeholders, in order to address their needs and requirements and also must in line with the institutional vision and mission. PLOs, on the other hand, has to be aligned with PEOs to attain OBE. The study withal strive the relationship between PLOs and PEOs in OBE by using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM) approach as the sample size was too small to utilize Structural Equation Modelling-Analysis of Moment Structure (SEM-AMOS). A simple random sampling was used to select 90 teachers throughout Malaysia. The selected teachers were a graduate of Sultan Idris Education University's (UPSI) Mathematics Education Degree (BEd Maths). From the analysis, it revealed that all the relationships in the developed model were significant at p


1. Ministry of Education Malaysia, “Malaysia education blueprint 2015-2025 (Higher education).” Putra Jaya, Malaysia: Ministry of Education Malaysia, 2015.

2. J. Shen, Y. Liu, G. Ma, J. Qi and C. Zheng, “Outcomes-based evaluation of graduation requirements for traffic engineering education: an example of road traffic safety course.” Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 2018; 18(5), 2254-2265.

3. Malaysian Qualifications Agency, “Code of practice for programme accreditation (2nd Edition).” Cyberjaya, Malaysia: Malaysian Qualifications Agency, 2018.

4. M.H. Rashid, “The process of outcome-based educationimplementation, assessment and evaluations.” Shah Alam, Malaysia: UiTM Press, 2012.

5. N. Basir, O.C. Lian, J.M. Salmizi and H. Shaharin, “Assessment of outcome-based integrated design project.” Journal of Technology and Science Education, 2019; 9(1), 77-84.

6. N. Abbadeni, A. Ghoneim and A. Alghamdi, “Program educational objectives definition and assessment for quality and accreditation.” International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy, 2013; 3(3), 33-46.

7. N. Rajaee, E. Junaidi, S.N.L. Taib, S.F. Salleh and M.A. Munot, “Issues and Challenges in Implementing Outcome Based Education in ngineering Education.” International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 2013; 1(4), 1-9.

8. D.I. Anderson, “Improving information technology curriculum learning outcomes.” Informing Science: the International Journal of an Emerging Transdiscipline, 2017; 20, 119-131.

9. H.S. Joyner, “Curriculum mapping: a method to assess and refine undergraduate degree programs.” Journal of Food Science Education, 2016; 15, 83-100.

10. M.I. Khan, S.M. Mourad and W.M. Zahid, “Developing and qualifying civil engineering programs for ABET accreditation.” Journal of King Saud University- Engineering Sciences, 2016; 28, 1-11.

11. B. Jibril and O. Houache, “A sustainable process for continuous program improvement towards accreditation.” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2013; 102, 352-360.

12. G. Denicolo, “Assessing program learning outcomes: a tale of self-discovery.” Physics Teacher, 2019; 57(1), 47-49.

13. H. Taib et al, “Programme learning outcomes assessment and continuous quality improvement in Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing, UTHM.” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2017; 165, 012031.

14. M. Taras, “Commissioned book review: excellence in university assessment: learning from award-winning practice by David Carless.” London Review of Education, 2015; 13(3), 59-61.

15. W.G. Spady, “Outcome-based education: critical issues and answers.” Arlington, Virginia: American Association of School Administrators, 1994.

16. Malaysian Qualifications Agency, “Malaysian qualifications framework (MQF) (2nd Edition).” Cyberjaya, Malaysia: Malaysian Qualifications Agency, 2018.

17. J.F. Hair, G.T.M. Hult, C.M. Ringle and M. Sarstedt, “A primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM).” Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, 2014.

18. J.F. Hair, W.C. Black, B.J. Babin and R.E. Anderson, “Multivariate data analysis (7th edition).” Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2010.

19. C. Fornell and D.F. Larcker, “Evaluating structural equation models with unobserable variables and measurement error.” Journal of Marketing Research, 1981; 18(1), 39-50.

20. V.E. Vinzi, W.W. Chin, J. Henseler and H. Wang, “Handbook of partial least squares: concepts, methods and applications.” Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.


This material may be protected under Copyright Act which governs the making of photocopies or reproductions of copyrighted materials.
You may use the digitized material for private study, scholarship, or research.

Back to previous page

Installed and configured by Bahagian Automasi, Perpustakaan Tuanku Bainun, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
If you have enquiries with this repository, kindly contact us at or Whatsapp +60163630263 (Office hours only)