UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
Start | FAQ | About

QR Code Link :

Type :article
Subject :L Education (General)
Main Author :Afiqah Sabariah binti Khalidar
Title :A comparison of curriculum structure TCSL teacher education programs in Malaysia
Place of Production :Tanjong Malim
Publisher :Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi
Year of Publication :2019
Corporate Name :Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
PDF Full Text :Login required to access this item.

Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
Teacher’s education is significant in producing a competent teacher to teach effectively. Thus the design of the curriculum structure is important to prepare prospective teachers to be equipped with the relevant subject matter knowledge and pedagogical skills. This article aims to provide a review and comparison analyses of two teaching Chinese as a second language (TCSL) pre-service teacher education programs. The study identifies the differences and similarities between two TCSL programs namely the Bachelor Degree in Education (Chinese Language Education for Primary School-PISMP-SK) conducted in IPGM (Institute of Teacher Education Malaysia) and Bachelor Degree in Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (TCSLB) which is conducted in Beijing Foreign Studies University, China (BFSU). Documentary study is adopted to identify thesimilarities and differences in the curriculum structure of PISMP-SK and TCSLB Chinese language programs. Analysis show that both programs consist of core course which are subject related. Both have courses for professional practice and elective core courses. However, the credit hours allocated for core courses component are different for each program, that is 36% (PISMP-SK) and 84% (TCSLB) compared to the total credit hours for each program. Meanwhile, for professional practice courses, PISMP-SK has allocated 12% of the total credit hours, but there is only 1% for TCSLB. There is a vast difference between these two programs which is there are aspect of compulsory courses in the PISMP-SK program, but not found in TCSLB program. The compulsory courses are the study of Malaysian education philosophy and beliefs, professionalism, knowledge and skills. The study shows that the PISMP-SK curriculum structure has a strong component of pedagogy in teaching Chinese language, Malaysia education philosophy and beliefs and teachers’ practice but lack in culture knowledge courses. Meanwhile TCSLB is strong that it strengthens Chinese language proficiencies and culture knowledge but lack in teaching pedagogy and professionalism knowledge. A deeper study to understand the teacher education program in preparing Chinese language teachers is needed to fill up the gap between the 2 programs for a sustainable and effective teacher education.


1. Galdeano, D., Ahmed, U., Fati, M., Rehan, R., & Ahmed, A. (2019). Financial performance and corporate social responsibility in the banking sector of Bahrain: Can engagement moderate? Management Science Letters, 9(10), 1529-1542.

2. Ahmed, U., Majid, A. H., Zin, M. L., Phulpoto, W., & Umrani, W. A. (2016). Role and impact of reward and accountability on training transfer. Business and Economics Journal, 7(1).

3. Brown, H. D. (1994). Principles of language learning and teaching (3rd edn). Englewood Cliffs, NJ:Prentice Hall Regents.

4. Cooper, J. M., & Alvarado, A. (2009). Preparation, recruitment, and retention of teachers (Education Policy Series 5). Retrieved from UNESCO website:

5. Futrell, M. (2010). Transforming Teacher Education to Reform America?s P-20 education system. Journal of Teacher Education, 6(5), 432-440.

6. Genevieve A. (2017). The Role of Teaching Practice in Teacher Education Programmes: Designing framework for best practice. Global Journal Of Educational Research. 16, 101-110.

7. Ke, W. J. (2017). Malaysian Chinese Education Teacher Development Issues --- Based on The Research Findin0gs of “Overseas Chinese Education Dynamics”. Overseas Chinese Education, 86(3), 424-432.

8. Orlando, M. (2013). Nine Characteristics of a Great Teacher. Teaching strategies for the college classrooms: A collection of faculty articles. Retrieved from

9. Samsujjaman. (2017). Principle and Significance of Teacher Education. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, 5(2), 1995-1999.

10. Ye, J. J. (2012). Malaysian Chinese Teaching Research. (Ph.D Thesis). Minzu University of China, Beijing, China. 








This material may be protected under Copyright Act which governs the making of photocopies or reproductions of copyrighted materials.
You may use the digitized material for private study, scholarship, or research.

Back to previous page

Installed and configured by Bahagian Automasi, Perpustakaan Tuanku Bainun, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
If you have enquiries with this repository, kindly contact us at or Whatsapp +60163630263 (Office hours only)