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Type :thesis
Subject :TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Main Author :Roswan Ismail
Title :Performance analysis of reactive routing protocol based on less-flooding AODV and route stability aware in mobile ad-hoc networks
Place of Production :Tanjong Malim
Publisher :Fakulti Seni, Komputeran dan Industri Kreatif
Year of Publication :2019
Corporate Name :Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
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Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
The objective of this study is to propose a practical solution to help improve the performance of the routing discovery process in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs). The study involved the development of two new routing protocols, namely Less-Flooding Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector (LF-AODV) and Route Stability Aware (RSA) protocols, with the aim of reducing the number of transmitted route request (RREQ) packets and link failures during the route discovery cycle. Accordingly, a series of simulations carried out with the NS-2 simulator to examine the performance of such new protocols for 100 mobile nodes in an area measuring 600 meters x 600 meters. The performance criteria were based on routing overhead (the total number of packets transmitted by a source node during the route discovery process), average end-to-end delay (the average time taken by a packet to arrive at a destination node from a source node), and network lifetime (time taken until all nodes in a network die due to battery exhaustion). The simulation results showed that the RSA protocol managed to reduce the total overheads by 14% and 11%, and delays by 29% and 21% with respect to the AODV and LF-AODV protocols, respectively. Furthermore, the RSA protocol was able to increase the network lifetime by 12% and 8% compared to those of the AODV and LF-AODV protocols, respectively. Such findings suggest that the RSA protocol can help improve the performance of MANETs by making such networks more stable and reliable. Clearly, such research findings will have a profound implication on the current practice of practitioners in the network industry, notably service providers and mobile network operators, who can use the RSA protocol to improve the quality of their products or services. With the use of more efficient, stable MANETs, end users will be able to use mobile applications anywhere, anytime more reliably, resulting in higher user satisfaction that benefits all concerned.


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