UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
Start | FAQ | About

QR Code Link :

Type :article
Subject :LB2300 Higher Education
Main Author :Gonzales, Nancy Ann P.
Title :21st century skills in higher education: teaching and learning at Ifugao State University, Philippines
Place of Production :Tanjong Malim
Publisher :Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia
Year of Publication :2020
Corporate Name :Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
PDF Guest :Click to view PDF file

Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
The study ascertained the profile of students and faculty members and the level of their critical thinking, collaboration, communication, creativity and innovation, self-direction, global connections, local connections skills, and use of technology as a tool for learning. It also determined the significant difference among the 21st century skills and the dimensions, profile and the respondents. It also determined if a significant relationship exists between the levels of the 21st century skills among students, faculty members, and administrators. Survey through a questionnaire was used to gather data. Stratified sampling technique was applied in determining the 539 students, 125 faculty members, and 35 administrator respondents in the study. Frequency count and percentage were employed to find out the profile of students, faculty members and administrators. Mean rating was used to determine their level of 21st century skills. Results revealed that most of the student respondents are females, enrolled in the education, information technology and agricultural technology programs. Majority of the faculty members and administrators are females, in their middle adulthood stage and taught for more than six years. Results further indicated that the students, faculty members and administrators had a very good level of 21st century skills. Significant differences were noted between the 21st century skills of students by courses/programs and campuses. Significant differences were also recognized among faculty members between their 21st century skills and age. There is no significant relationship between the level of 21st century skills of students, faculty members, and administrators. The findings imply that there is a need to adopt more programs and activities in order to improve the 21st century skills among the students and faculty members. This can be done by upgrading the information technology systems of the University. Strengthening and reactivating global and local connections is also deemed necessary. These can be realized by increasing student and faculty mobility, use of blended learning approach in both the graduate and undergraduate levels, international partnerships, and reaching out to the local communities through projects among others  


Abao, E., Dayagbil, F. & Boholano, H. (2015). Engagement to social networking: Challenges and opportunities to educators. European Scientific Journal, 11(16), 173? 191.

Allmond, S., Hillman, J., Huntly, K., Makar, K. & O'Brien, M. (2016). Assessing children's progress in taking intellectual risks in a mathematical inquiry classroom with a positive learning approach. Paper presented at the 39th Annual Conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia. Eric.

Apple. (2008). 21st Century Skills and eLearning by Joanna Baniaga. Gallery of writing.

Boyles, T. (2012). 21st century knowledge, skills, and abilities and entrepreneurial competencies: A model for undergraduate entrepreneurship education. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 15, 41-55.

Casner-Lotto, J., & Barrington, L. (2006). Are they really ready to work? Employers' perspectives on the basic knowledge and applied skills of new entrants to the 21st century U.S. workforce. Eric.

Costes-Onishi, P. & Caleon, I. (2016). Generalists to specialists: Transformative evidences and impediments to student-centered practices of primary music and art teachers in Singapore. International Journal of Education & the Arts, 17(7). 1-27.

Darling-Hammond, L. (2007). K-12 21st century skills: Essential concepts and skills with details and examples. Iowa Core.

Duerden, M. D., Witt, P., Garst, B., Bialeshcki, D., Schwarzlose, T., & Norton, K. (2014). The impact of camp employment on the workforce development of emerging adults. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 32(1), 26-44.

Farrington, C. A., Roderick, M., Allensworth, E., Nagaoka, J., Keyes, T. S., Johnson, D. W., & Beechum, N. O. (2012). Teaching adolescents to become learners. The role of noncognitive factors in shaping school performance: A critical literature review. University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research.

Gewertz, C. (2008, October 13). States press ahead on 21st century skills. Education week, 28(8), 21-23.

Hodge, K. A., & Lear, J. L. (2011). Employment skills for 21st century workplace: The gap between faculty and student perceptions. Journal of Career and Technical Education, 26(2), 28-41.

Jerald, C. (2009). Report of the Center of Public Education in America. Defining a 21st century education. Researchgate.

Johnson, P. (2009). The 21st century skills movement. Educational Leadership, 67, 11.

Keane, T., Keane, W. F., & Blicblau, A. S. (2016). Beyond traditional literacy: Learning and transformative practices using ICT. Education and Information Technologies, 21(4), 769– 781.

Moyer, L. (2016). Engaging students in 21st century skills through non-formal learning. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Virginia Tech.

Noddings. (2008). K-12 21st century skills: Essential concepts and skills with details and examples. Iowa Core.

Pacific Policy Research Center. (2010). 21st century skills for students and teachers. Kamehameha Schools, Research and Evaluation Division.

Paige, J. (2009). The 21st century skills movement. Educational Leadership, 67(1), 11-11.

Ravitz, J. (2014). A Survey for measuring 21st century teaching and learning: West Virginia 21st century teaching and learning survey.

Rotherham, A., & Willingham, D. (2009). 21st century skills: The challenges ahead. Educational Leadership, 67, 16-21. http:// /

Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L., & Sparks, J. (2011). Information and communications technologies support for 21st-century teaching: an international analysis. Journal of School Leadership, 21(2), 190–215.

Sheikh A. & Siti H. (2016). Transforming science teaching environment for the 21st century primary school pupils. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 4(4), 68-76.

Soule, H., & Warrick, T. (2015). Defining 21st century readiness for all students: What we know and how to get there. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 9(2), 178.

Stevens, B. (2011). What communication skills do employers want? Silicon Valley recruiters respond. Journal of Employment Counseling, 42(1), 12-9.

Van Laar, E., Van Deursen, A. J. A. M., Van Dijk, J. A. G. M., & De Haan, J. (2017). The relation between 21st-century skills and digital skills: A systematic literature review. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 577–588.

Voogt, J. & Roblin, N. P. (2010). 21st century skills discussion paper. University of Twente. Researchgate.

Willingham, D. T. (2007). Critical thinking. American Educator, Summer 2007, 8-18. Researchgate. 


This material may be protected under Copyright Act which governs the making of photocopies or reproductions of copyrighted materials.
You may use the digitized material for private study, scholarship, or research.

Back to previous page

Installed and configured by Bahagian Automasi, Perpustakaan Tuanku Bainun, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
If you have enquiries with this repository, kindly contact us at or Whatsapp +60163630263 (Office hours only)