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Type :thesis
Subject :Q Science
Main Author :Syanawiyyah Md Zin
Title :A taxonomic study of Vitex L. (Lamiaceae Martinov) in Peninsular Malaysia
Place of Production :Tanjong Malim
Publisher :Fakulti Sains dan Matematik
Year of Publication :2022
Corporate Name :Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
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Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
This study was aimed to examine the taxonomy of Vitex L. (Lamiaceae Martinov) in Peninsular Malaysia was done. Taxonomic evidences were gained based on morphology, leaf anatomy, micromorphology and distribution of the genus. The morphological and anatomical data were analysed using Multi-Variate Statistical Package (MVSP) and Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (PAUP) software to obtain of similarity values between species and their evolutionary relationship. Morphological characters which are trichomes were used as the major characters to classify the genus, while leaf anatomical and micromorphological characters were used as supportive evidence. All the data collected were used to construct dichotomous key based on morphological and anatomical characters. Species distribution data were gained from herbarium and field study. A total number of 11 species, one subspecies and two varieties of Vitex were identified. The species include V. gamosepala, V. glabrata, V. longisepala, V. millsii, V. negundo, V. negundo var. bicolor, V. negundo var. cannabifolia, V. pinnata, V. quinata, V. trifolia, V. trifolia subsp. litoralis, V. vestita, V. sp.1 and V. sp.2. Cladogram clades show an overall Gower General Similarity Coefficient (GGSc) value at 0.715 to 0.964 which indicate clear separation at genus and species level. Therefore, the morphological and anatomical characters used were highly significant. Most common Vitex species distributed throughout Peninsular Malaysia are V. gamosepala, V. vestita, V. pinnata and V. longisepala. This study implicate that morphological and anatomical characters of vegetative parts can be used in identification of species, subspecies and variety of this genus


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