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|The main focus of the study is to develop a game-based learning (GBL) Geoplay that can help students to learn according to their cognitive levels. However, there are studies which have shown no consistent evidence GBL can improve cognitive skills.To overcome this problem, GBLGeoplay must be developed needs with a specific cognitive objective, have a mechanics which is based on the real-life scenario and use modality principle as a presentation strategy.Two types of Geoplay have been developed which have similar cognitive objectives and mechanic rules but have different presentation strategy.MANCOVA analysis showed that the groupGeoplay pictures and narration (P&N) achieved better results in cognitive skills compared to the group Geoplay pictures and on-screen text (P&T). This study suggests that each GBL development should have specific objectives, real-world mechanics and usevisual with narration as a presentation strategy.|
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