UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
|Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris|
|This study aimed to determine the adequacy of Construction Industry Standard (CIS 18:2010) for
manual calculation in Industrialised Building System (IBS) content. In addition, this study
examined the weaknesses and improvements that needed to ensure that the manual calculation of the
IBS system content used by the industry is according to the current needs. Literature research,
focus groups and interviews were used to collect the data. The focus group involved 43 respondents
with two series of workshop and 32 experts for validation workshop. The findings show that, there
are several requirements for the new IBS methods and these manuals need to be reviewed after 5
years of use. As a result of the focus group discussion, they have proposed the addition of several
elements such as Building Modelling Information (BIM), Prefabricated Prefinished Volumetric
Construction (PPVC), Prefab Bathroom Unit (PBU) and Prefab-Staircase in the new IBS
system. In addition, there is a suggestion to reduce the factor 0.1 of IBS score for the reusable
formwork system as it involves more work compared to other IBS systems. In conclusion, new elements
for the new IBS content manual are needed to meet the construction industry standard
based and the new construction technology. In implication, the findings could be beneficial for
the industry in term of the contribution of the
manual calculation for IBS content.
Abdul Kadir, M. R., Lee, W. P., Jaafar, M. S., Sapuan, S. M., & Ali, A. A. A. (2005). Factors
affecting construction labour productivity for Malaysian residential projects. Structural Survey,
23(1), 42–54. https://doi.org/10.1108/02630800510586907
Aziz, N. D., Nawawi, A. H., & Ariff, N. R. M. (2016). ICT Evolution in Facilities Management (FM):
Building Information Modelling (BIM) as the Latest Technology. Procedia - Social and Behavioral
Sciences, 234, 363–371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.10.253
Badir, Y. F., Kadir, M. R. A., & Hashim, A. H. (2002). Industrialized Building Systems Construction
in Malaysia. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 8(March).
Baharuddin, A., Rahman, A., & Omar, W. (2006). Issues and Challenges in the Implementation of
Industrialised Building Systems in Malaysia. In Proceedings of the 6th Asia-Pacific Structural
Engineering and Construction Conference (ASPEC 2006) (pp. 5–6).
Blismas, N. (2007). Off-site manufacture in Australia : Current state and future directions CRC for
Construction Innovation participants ER SE AR. Public Works. Retrieved from
CIDB. (2002). Survey on Problems Faced by Contractors in Raising Finance. CIDB. (2003).
Industrialised building systems (IBS) - roadmap 2003-2010, (72), 1–
CIDB. (2007). Construction Industry Master Plan Malaysia 2006-2015. … .
Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia. Retrieved from
CIDB. (2010a). IBS-Roadmap 2011-2015. Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia. Retrieved
CIDB. (2010b). Report on the Effectiveness of Industrialised Building Ssytem (IBS) in Government
CIDB. (2014). IBS Module.
CIDB. (2015a). Construction Industry Standard CIS 18:2010 Manual for IBS
Content Scoring System (IBS Score).
CIDB. (2015b). Construction Industry Transformation Programme (CITP) 2016- 2020.
CIDB. (2016). History of IBS Development in Malaysia. CIDB. (2017). CITP Report No. 3 Q4 2017.
Department of Statistics Malaysia. (2016). Distribution of Outputs and Employment in Major Economic
Sectors that were produced by the MPC in the 2015/2016 Productivity Report.
Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989) Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review,
Government of Malaysia. (2015). Act 520 Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia Act 1994.
Hamid, Z. A., Kamar, K. A. M., Zain, M. Z. M., Ghani, M. K., & Rahim, A. H. A. (2008).
Industrialised Building System 9IBS) in Malaysia: The Current State and R&D Initiatives. Malaysian
Construction Research Journal, 2(1), 1–13.
Howard, R. (2006). Describing the Changes in Architectural Information Free- Form Architectural
Expression. ITcon, 11(January), 395–408. Retrieved from http://itcon.org/2006/29/
Hung, F. C., Hamid, Z. A., Din, M. I., & Norman, M. R. (2015). Study on Industrialised Building
System (IBS) Adoption Level and Contractors’ Readiness in Malaysia 2013. Malaysian Construction
Research Journal, 2(2), 1–20.
Implementation Coordination Unit (ICU). (2016). The use of IBS in Government projects in Project
Monitoring System 2 (SPP2) until May 2016.
Implementation Coordination Unit (ICU).
Kamar, K. A. M., Hamid, Z. A., Zain, M. Z. M., & Ahmad Hazim Abd. Rahim. (2008). Industrialised
Building Systems (IBS): The Current State Malaysia and R&D Initiatives. Construction Research
Institute of Malaysia (CREAm).
Kamar, K. A. M., Hamid, Z. A., Zain, M. Z. M., Rahim, A. H. A., Ghani, M. K., Azman, M. N., … Mohd
Sanusi S. Ahamad. (2012). Drivers and Barriers of Industrialised Building System (Ibs) Roadmaps in
Malaysia. Malaysian Construction Research Journal, 9(1), 1985–3807.
Kamaruddin, S. S., Mohammad, M. F., Mahbub, R., & Ahmad, K. (2013). Mechanisation and Automation of
the IBS Construction Approach: A Malaysian Experience. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences,
Krippendorff, K. (2012). Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology.
Kumar, R., Patterson, M., & Jain, S. (2016). A Case-study on use of Precast Technology for
Construction of High-Rise Buildings. Global Energy Technology Summit GETS 2016, (November).
Ministry of Finance (MOF). (2008). Perlaksanaan Industrialised Building System (IBS) dalam projek
kerajaan (Vol. 3).
Miller, W.L. and Crabtree, B. F. (1992) Overview of Qualitative Research Methods. In Doing
Qualitative Research, Newbury Park, CA, Sage Publications.
Mustafa, S., Ahmed, M. E., Amila, N., Zawawi, W. A., & Ghazali, Z. B. (2015). Impacts of
implementation of IBS score regulations of CIDB on the concrete volumes required for building
projects in Malaysia. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.695.24
Nagle, Barry Williams, N. (2011). Methodology Brief : Introduction to Focus Groups. Center for
Assessment, Planning & Accountability.
Patton, M.Q. (2002) Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods, Thousand Oaks, California, SAGE
Rogan, a L., Lawson, R. M., & Bates-Brkljac, N. (2000). Value and Benefits Assessment of Modular
Construction. In Modular Matters Conference (pp. 1– 24). Retrieved from
Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2010). Research Methods for Business: A Skill Building Approach (5th
ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
Thanoon, W. A., Peng, L. W., Kadir, M. R. A., Jaafar, M. S., & Salit, M. S. (2003). the Essential
Characteristics of Industrialised Building System. International Conference on Industrialised
Building Systems, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, (1999), 10–11.
Weber, R.P. (1990) Basic Content Analysis, Newbury Park, CA, Sage Publications.
Yildirim, S. G. (2012). Design Education of Industrialised Building Systems.
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 51, 84–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.08.123
Yin, R. K. (2003) Case study research: Design and methods, Third Edition. Sage
|This material may be protected under Copyright Act which governs the making of photocopies or reproductions of copyrighted materials.|
You may use the digitized material for private study, scholarship, or research.