UPSI Digital Repository (UDRep)
|Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris|
|English language instructors have always pursued new and interesting approaches that
may help to overcome language teaching and learning barriers. Therefore, this study was conducted
mainly to explore Media Assisted Language Learning Approach (MALL) using one of the most
prominent media application known as WhatsApp as an instructional tool in communicative language
learning classroom. This study was specifically proposed to examine the effect that WhatsApp voice
and video features may have towards learners’ oral communicative competence as well as exploring
their perception towards its use by conducting a social media learning scale survey. This research
adopted a quasi-experimental approach that compares experimental and control group which
were assigned with different treatment. The learning process of both experimental and control group
were based on two hours of in-class learning but supplemented with different treatments for
informal classroom tasks. Experimental group was given the tasks to do voice and video recording
of communicative dialogue and shared them in the group’s WhatsApp channel. On the other hand,
control group’s participants were assign with traditional approach tasks such as paper-based
dialogue construction, open-ended writing exercise, and presentation. This study conducted
independent sample t-test analysis to compare both means of control and experimental groups
pre-test and post-test scores. The result for independent t-test analysis for pre- test score is t
(43) = 0.372, p=0.712, which proposed that both groups of respondents possessed the same level
of oral communicative competency prior to the treatment given. After the treatment, the
independent sample t-test then reported that there was a significant difference between post
test score for control and experimental group, t
(43) = -2.99, p = 0.005, p < 5. The result proposed that the experimental group with WhatsApp
integrated treatment has outperformed those in control group with traditional
learning. It was concluded in this study that WhatsApp manage to affect
learners’ oral communicative competency positively.
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