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Type :thesis
Subject :GV Recreation Leisure
Main Author :Nelfianty Mohd Rasyid
Title :Motif penglibatan, orientasi matlamat dan gaya kepimpinan jurulatih dari perspektif atlet sekolah sukan Malaysia (IR)
Place of Production :Tanjong Malim
Publisher :Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Kejurulatihan
Year of Publication :2009
Notes :doctoral
Corporate Name :Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
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Abstract : Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
The purpose of this study was to identify the participation motives, goal orientation, preferred coaching styles of the Malaysian Sports Schools’ athletes and their respective coaches’ coaching styles. This study also examined the relationship between all the variables and their influence on the athletes’ performance. Instruments used in this study were Motives for Sports Participation (MPS), Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ), athlete’s preferred and perceived version of the Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS). The whole population of the two Malaysian Sports Schools for the year 2007 (N = 854; SSBJ = 409, SSBP = 445) were recruited for this study. Results of the study showed the motives for participation ranked accordingly, were Pride for the Family, Improving Skill, Health and Physical Fitness, Doing the Country Proud, Yearn for Challenges, Better Future, Eager to Succeed, Emotional Stability and Self Pride. The findings also revealed that the athletes were more inclined toward Task orientation rather than Ego. Coaching styles preferred by the athletes were Training and Instruction, Democratic, Social Support and Positive Feedback. The present coaching styles practiced by the coaches were similar to the styles preferred by the athletes. Autocratic behaviour was the least preferred coaching style and seldom practiced by the coaches themselves. T-test and ANOVA analyses revealed significant differences for participation motives, goal orientation, preferred and present coaching styles based on gender, age and types of sports. Canonical correlation showed relationships existed between participation motives, preferred and present coaching styles. Multiple regression analysis showed that athletes who chose participation motives for Skill Improvement and preferred Positive Feedback coaching style are more likely to become successful athletes. However athletes who chose extrinsic motives such as Doing the Country Proud and Better Future as their main motives will negatively affect their achivements. In conclusion, to improve the commitment and achievement of the young athletes in sports the authorities involved in the development and planning of the sport programme should know in depth on what motivates the athletes and provide training climate that can cultivate the intrinsic motivation within them. Several implications and suggestions were highlighted for future research.
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